Many researchers and scientists used different computer algorithms to develop an organism that is created by 100% frog DNA but still, it is not a frog. Isn’t it sound interesting? Let us get deep into it...
What happens when you take cells from the frog embryos and grow them into the other creature that was developed by computer algorithms? Hope you understand the reason why the researchers are calling this as the world's first “living machine”.
Designing of “Living Machine”
The researchers repurposed living cells scraped from frog embryos and assembled them into an entirely new life form. The original stem cells came from an African clawed frog known by the Latin name Xenopus levies but these living robots don't resemble any living creature. After being harvested, the stem cells were then separated into single cells and left to incubate the cells. Then they were cut and joined together under a microscope the resulting Assembly of living cells has been dubbed as Xeno.
These cells do not resemble any known amphibians. The tiny blobs measure around 0.04 inches (1 millimeter) wide and are formed of living tissue that biologists assembled into the bodies designed by computer models, according to a new study.
Scientists reported that these mobile organisms can move and act independently and collectively, these organisms can self-heal wounds and can withstand for weeks at a time and possibly be utilized to carry the medicines inside the body of the patient. They are neither a traditional robot nor any kind of known species of animal.
At the University of Vermont Co-author Joshua Bongard, a computer scientist and robotics expert said in his statement,
“It is a new class of artifact: a living and programmable organism.”
Algorithms framed the growth of the xenobiotics. They grew from heart and skin stem cells into tissue clusters of various hundred cells that moved into the pulses developed by heart muscle tissue. They are like an autonomous agent that is almost like a wind-up toy.
The amazing thing about these creatures
The thing that amazed the most was that how it was all designed by a supercomputer at the University of Vermont and then assembled and tested by biologists at Tufts University. How it working the deep green supercomputer cluster at the University of Vermont and how it ran for months at a time?
This computer was custom designed allowing for cutting-edge AI research four miles east of UVM central campus now home to the universities. New supercomputer dubbed deep green designed for research into machine learning and artificial intelligence. The machine said to be among the 100 most powerful in the nation.
"If humanity is going to survive into the future, we need to better understand how complex the properties and how they evolved from simple rules".
These amazing findings were published online By Fareeha Arshad 13, January 2020 in the journal Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences.